Asthma is referred to as a long-term disease of the lungs. In asthma, your airways get blocked with thick mucus, which causes inflammation of the airways and narrowing them. It makes breathing difficult. It is the most common disease in children, but adults can have asthma, too.
In asthma, three significant abnormalities occur. includes,
- Contraction of smooth muscles of the bronchus (Bronchoconstriction)
- Airways get filled with thick mucus
- Airway inflammation
Asthma can be severe or mild. In some cases, it’s just a minor nuisance, but asthma can be critical and interrupts daily activities for some people. It can lead to severe asthma attacks and can be life-threatening.
Asthma is a severe disease. About 25 million people in the USA are affected by asthma, and it causes about 1.6 million patients to visit emergency rooms each year. There is no complete cure for asthma yet, but it can be controlled by taking medicines and following preventive measures.
Expressteledocs has advanced machinery and medications with expert and well-educated staff to help you out. We are open 24/7, and you can easily access the doctors according to your schedule. You can quickly fix your appointment at any time. We are specialized in treating both mild asthma symptoms and severe asthma attacks.
Symptoms of Asthma:
The most common symptom is wheezing. It is like a whistling sound that occurs when you breathe.
- Other symptoms include,
- Congestion in the chest area
- Shortness of breath
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Continuous coughing, especially at night and early morning.
- In some cases, symptoms get worse. It is known as an asthma attack.
Causes of Asthma:
Asthma occurs due to the temporary blockage of airways. Airways get filled with mucus and become congested. Due to bronchoconstriction, it becomes hard to breathe.
Certain factors trigger asthma. Includes,
- Exposure to dust (pollution)
- Inhalation of smoke (especially cigarette smoke)
- Some people have asthma when the weather changes.
- Excessive exercise
- Allergies, e.g., pollen allergy, animal fur allergy, etc.
Treatment of Asthma:
Asthma can’t be cured entirely but can be controlled via using an inhaler. It’s an oral medicine. It’s like a small pump that allows the medication to run through your airways to the lungs.
There are two types of inhalers,
- Reliever inhalers:
Reliever inhalers give you quick relief from asthma symptoms for a short period.
- Preventer inhalers:
These inhalers use to prevent the symptoms of asthma from occurring. You have to use these inhalers daily.