Conjunctivitis is an infection or inflammation in the conjunctiva of the eye. Conjunctiva is a thin layer present over the inner side of the eyelid and covers the white part of the eyes. Veins present in the white part of the eyes become inflamed, due to which your eyes appear pink or red. It is a contagious disease. Therefore, it is essential to diagnose and treat the infection timely to prevent its spread from one person to another.
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Signs and symptoms of Pinkeye?
Following are the commonly found signs and symptoms of pink eye. Including,
- Red or pink-colored eyes
- Itching in the eyes
- Gritty feeling in the eyes
- Thick or watery discharge from the eye builds a crust at night.
- Continuous tearing
Types and causes of Pinkeye:
There are three main categories of conjunctivitis. Includes,
- Infectious conjunctivitis
- Allergic conjunctivitis
- Chemical conjunctivitis
What is Infectious conjunctivitis?
There are two leading causes of infectious conjunctivitis. Including,
Staphylococcus and streptococcus bacteria are the main causative agents of infectious Pink eye.
It usually occurs due to the following practices. including,
- Touch your eyes with dirty hands
- Have physical contact with the person suffering from conjunctivitis
- Sharing makeup
The leading causative agent of viral conjunctivitis is the common cold virus.
- If a person with flu coughs or sneezes near you.
- If you have the viral flu and blow your nose too hard, that virus reaches your eyes from your upper respiratory tract.
Pink eye can occur when you come in contact with some irritants. Such as,
- Chlorine (maybe in the pool)
- Air pollution
- Other chemicals
Most people with seasonal allergies (e.g., pollen allergy) get allergic pink eye. People who wear hard or soft contact lenses can get an infection called ‘giant papillary conjunctivitis’ if they don’t replace and clean the lens.
Following medication can be performed to treat chemical conjunctivitis. Includes,
- Wash your eyes with saline
- Apply topical steroids in case of severe infection.
In case of allergic conjunctivitis, healthcare professionals will prescribe an antihistamine to stop inflammation. There are different anti-inflammatory eye drops available to treat the infection.
The use of antibiotics is the most common treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis. Antibiotics may help to relieve the symptoms of infection within a few days.
Pink eye caused by a common cold virus didn’t have a treatment yet, but symptoms might resolve after 7 to 10 days.