Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease that affects how your body turns food into energy. The pancreas releases an insulin hormone that directs glucose from the blood to the body cells to store or use for energy.
In diabetic conditions, the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or can’t utilize it effectively. Disturbance in the insulin work causes high sugar levels in the blood. The presence of high sugar levels in the blood can damage your kidneys, eyes, nerves, heart, and many other organs.
Diabetes is a leading health problem worldwide. According to the CDC, about 463 million adults have diabetes worldwide. In the USA, only 10.6% of the population suffers from this disorder. Express Tele Doc provides you with the best laboratory tests to manage your diabetes. We provide you with expert and experienced endocrinologists who help you control your diabetes.
Types of diabetes:
Following are the three different types of diabetes. Includes,
Diabetes type 1:
Diabetes type 1 is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s defense system attacks the pancreas cell, which results in the inhibition of insulin production. Approximately 10% of people who have diabetes have type 1.
Signs and symptoms:
Following are the leading symptoms of type 1 diabetes.
- Extreme hunger
- Abrupt weight loss
- Increased thirst
- Increased urination
- Effect on eyesight
The exact reason for this autoimmune disorder is not known yet. It considers that the immune system mistakenly attacks the pancreatic beta cells. It can also be genetic. In some cases, viruses may also induce immune system dysfunction.
Type 2 diabetes:
Diabetes type 2 occurs when your body cannot utilize insulin to manage blood sugar levels. In this condition, glucose aggregates in the blood, and blood sugar level increases. Approximately 90-95% of people have diabetes type 1.
Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes are almost similar to Type 1 except,
- Formation of wounds, especially on feet.
- Recurring infections
- Sores that are slow to heal
The primary cause of diabetes type 2 are the following,
- It can be genetic
Gestational diabetes refers to diabetes in pregnancy. In some cases, during pregnancy placenta produces the insulin-blocking hormone. Therefore, glucose levels get raised in pregnancy.
Usually, symptoms do not appear in gestational diabetes. Women experience increased thirst and frequent urination with nausea and vomiting in rare cases.
What is Prediabetic disorder?
In Prediabetes, your blood glucose level is raised than usual but not high enough as in diabetes type 2. According to the CDC, about 96 million adults have Prediabetes. It can increase your risk for type 2 diabetes.