Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are often but not exclusively spread through sexual contact. AIDs, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhea, syphilis, trichomoniasis, and hepatitis B are the most common STDs.
STDs are very complicated and sensitive diseases that need extensive care and the most effective medications. Highly-qualified doctors at Express Tele Doc have immense experience managing sexually transmitted infections with excellence and proficiency.
Sexual intercourse is not the only route of STD transmission. You can also get the disease when you contact the body fluids such as the blood of an already infected person (e.g., blood transfusion, sharing of razors). About 20 million adults get STDs each year.
Therefore, it is not a condition to be ashamed of; instead, you should go for treatment as soon as possible. As we know that STDs are transmittable; thus, early treatment can save you and your loved ones.
Types of STDs:
- Genital Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
- Genital herpes
STDs and pregnancy:
Some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can transfer from the mother to the fetus. In such cases, babies are born with STDs. Syphilis can pass from mother to fetus, leads to stillbirth, or may cause miscarriage. Genital warts also have the ability of placental transmission, but it’s rare. STIs may cause infertility in women.
Symptoms of STDs:
Sexually transmitted diseases are primarily asymptomatic or may occur with mild symptoms. Severe symptoms occur at the last stages of the disease. Some of the symptoms are mentioned below,
- Discharge from penis or vagina
- Formation of warts or sores in the genital area
- Itching in the genital area
- The genital area becomes red
- Experience pain while urinating
- Bad vaginal odor
- Abdominal pain and fever
- Formation of blisters in the mouth
- The immune system becomes suppressed
Diagnosis of STD:
STDs can’t be diagnosed only by physical examination. Healthcare officials do different tests to confirm sexually transmitted infections. Including,
- Swabbed cultures of body fluids
- Blood test
- Other procedures include keyhole surgery or colposcopy.
Risk of STDs:
Both men and women can get affected by STDs, but more severe symptoms appear in the case of females. In case of pregnancy, it can cause serious health issues for women and babies. Drug addicts are also at a high risk of STDs.
Can STDs get treated?
Antibiotics or antiparasitic drugs can effectively treat STDs caused by bacteria or parasites. However, STDs caused by viruses are not treatable, but certain medications can be used to get relief from pain and to lower the chances of transmission.