Eczema is referred to as inflammation of the epidermal layer of the skin. The skin becomes inflamed, red, itchy, and rough. In some cases, blisters also appear on the skin. It is a chronic condition, and symptoms may occur periodically.
Eczema is most common in children, but adults can also affect it. About 10-20% of infants and 3% of adults in the United States are affected by Eczema. Eczema is not a contagious disease, so it can’t spread from person to person. Express Tele Doc provides you with affordable and exceptional treatment options. We have expert dermatologists with the best approaches to treat even worse skin problems.
Causes of Eczema:
Doctors don’t know what the exact reason for Eczema is. The researchers identify that an overactive immune system may trigger Eczema. Your Immune system overreacts when it gets triggered by some external irritants.
In addition, researchers also investigated that some people with Eczema don’t produce enough of a protein called ‘filaggrin.’ It is a filament aggregating protein. It plays an essential role in the skin barrier. This protein is also responsible for skin dehydration and moisturization.
What triggers eczema?
According to the National Health Sciences (NHS) research, different internal and external factors are responsible for triggering eczema. Including,
- Chemicals in cleaners and detergents
- Smoke of cigarette
- Coarse fabric (synthetic fabrics)
- Too hot or too cold temperature
- Upper respiratory infection
- Animal dander
- Animal wool
Types of Eczema:
People suffer from different types of eczema, including,
- Atopic eczema:
It is the most common type of eczema in people in the USA. It also causes dry, itchy skin with red rashes appearing on the skin. It is also accompanied by fever and hay.
- Contact eczema:
It occurs in people who are sensitive to some irritants. When they interact with these irritants, their body’s immune system overreacts and triggers allergic reactions.
- Dyshidrotic eczema:
In dyshidrotic eczema, itchy blisters appear on fingers, the sole of your foot, and the palm of your hands. These blisters become red, cracked, and painful.
- Nummular eczema:
In Nummular or discoid eczema, coin-shaped spots appear on the lower legs. These spots become itchy and red. It usually occurs because of skin rupture and if you have a long history of dehydrated skin.
- Stasis eczema:
Stasis eczema mainly occurs due to the uneven blood flow in the lower legs.
Symptoms of eczema:
The main symptoms of eczema include,
- Dry, irritated skin
- Inflammation on the skin
Other symptoms are,
- Intense itching
- Small, raised bumps on the skin (not fluid-filled)
- Yellow or white fluid-filled blisters on the skin
- Scaly and thick skin
- Red or brown color patches on the skin
Primary care doctors at Express Tele Doc will provide you with the most effective treatment after identifying the type of eczema you are suffering from. The effective treatment depends on the type and severity of eczema.